The QA Process: A beginners guide to the main stages, steps and tools of Quality Assurance

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Multiple testing types should be employed to ensure that any software product is testing from multiple angles to further guarantee its quality. Software testing is, in effect, just one cog in the wheel of software quality assurance, not the whole process. For example, testing usually only detects problems, it doesn’t resolve or fix them — unlike software QA specialists.

software development quality assurance process

The defect management approach comes in handy for tracking defects and defining categories to mark their severity. QA professionals can create control charts that measure the capabilities of the development team. And that’s especially true for applications that grow and become increasingly sophisticated — where the QA process also becomes more complicated. That’s why it’s critical for teams to be reflexive about their QA processes and find tools that address their needs perfectly. QA professionals have to decide between manual and automated testing for each project.

SQA Techniques

The product assurance department reports to the highest management levels and has its own budget. Failure testing is a simple quality assurance method that tests products by pushing their limits through extreme stress conditions, such as temperature, pressure or tension until they break. In addition, data is gathered throughout the process so that quality assurance measures can be taken to improve the product.

QA defines the standards around testing to ensure that a product meets defined business requirements. Testing involves the more tactical process of validating the function of a product and identifying issues. Reading through reports on software quality assurance is like going on a treasure hunt.

Software QA Testing Process: Overview, Types, and Process Stages

Unit testing is the lowest level and involves verifying individual units of software. A unit is the smallest component of software that can be tested independently; this verifies that each individual unit is functioning properly. Dynamic testing, or validation, is a technique that involves executing a product to evaluate its behavior with dynamic variables. It ensures the software works consistently without any major defects. Quality assurance and testing can be categorized in many different ways according to several criteria, such as the approach, method used, or level of tests performed. Once people are informed, then you have Gantt charts to formulate your plan, assign team members and track their progress.

  • For example, an app might need to fulfill specific GDPR requirements, or a card payment processor might require regular external audits.
  • This also allows face-to-face conversations that can yield some interesting resolutions for the myriad problems that something as complex as software development inevitably runs into.
  • A well-designed SQA system incorporates all software development processes, starting from defining requirements, to coding, testing, and all other processes in between, prior to release.
  • The latter checks that the correct steps were taken throughout the software development process.
  • Static testing, or verification, is a method that involves checking files and documents to verify requirements are being met without executing the software.
  • The other is “right first time,” in which any mistakes are immediately addressed.

Cloud-based testing environments allow for a wider choice of device and browser combinations, require less investment and are more economically feasible compared to on-premises testing devices. Anyone who has ever had the “pleasure” of managing a quality system of any kind understands the importance of good record and report keeping. The SQA process is no different, and all necessary documents should be kept up to date and disseminated among all relevant shareholders. Usually held early on in the project, these reviews help detect errors ASAP, reducing the need for rework later down the line. Software development QA professionals are also contentious by their very nature, which can often irritate developers.

DMAIC Process: The 5 Phases Of Lean Sigma

Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is essential to every software development project. It all comes down to ensuring that the software created meets and complies with stated or standardised quality criteria. It is a systematic approach that examines multiple software engineering processes to maintain quality. Quality Assurance (QA) includes the entire software development lifecycle and collaborates with all business operations. Effective software quality assurance reporting is crucial for bridging the gap between the technical aspects of the quality assurance process and the strategic decisions of stakeholders.

software development quality assurance process

This deliverable is prepared by the test manager and is derived from the business requirement specification (BRS). The document often contains the test objectives, approach, existing and required conditions, scope, types, levels, and entry and exit criteria. It involves checking the flow of data between the different modules or groups of components in the application.

quality assurance (QA)

Developing a plan starts with defining the SQA team along with their roles and responsibilities for the project. Then the team develops the audit and review plan along with the schedule for all SQA activities. Additionally, QAs also perform various other activities, such as process improvement, training, documentation review, audits, automation, etc.

The standards and procedures defined by a quality assurance program help prevent product defects before they arise. In conclusion, there are different approaches to software quality assurance that organizations can use to ensure that their software products meet the highest quality standards. The choice of approach depends on the organization’s goals, requirements, and resources. QA, or quality assurance, in software development is a process that checks and prevents any issues occurring across the whole project. This also includes project management, as various individuals need to be managed when performing QA tests.


Some of them write software tools used for different types of testing that require more computing power or atypical conditions. Quality control is a set of techniques that testers use to find the defect in the outcome. Developed products are tested in many ways cloud quality assurance to ensure that all the aspects of product quality are met and include every standard that was determined at the beginning of the project. Quality assurance (QA for short) is the area of production responsible for detecting issues and preventing failures.

software development quality assurance process

QA must prioritize end-user experience over customer or designer choices. A skilled QA engineer ignores trends and concentrates on user experience. Automated tests take longer than manual tests and require certain, mostly costly technologies. However, due to a lack of communication, differing data formats used by the frontend and backend development teams may result in a hidden issue. When a feature is moved from the testing environment to the production environment, minor or extensive issues may become apparent.

What Are the Benefits of Software Quality Assurance (SQA)?

By approach, there are three types of QA testing based on a QA expert’s involvement in the code and knowledge of a system’s internals. Is there a way to keep track of the project’s progress quickly and simply? ProjectManager has a real-time dashboard that’s constantly fed live data to report on the tasks, costs and other project metrics. If your information is vague or rigid, you might not see what you need to know in order to resolve an issue. ProjectManager has that covered with easy one-click reporting that can be filtered to show just the data you want. These reports are also populated with live data, so it’s the best of both worlds.

Difference Between QA and Testing

If testers know the source code before testing begins, then QA engineers use the ‘white box’ testing type. On the other hand, if QA engineers do not know the source code they are dealing with, the ‘black box’ testing type is used. This is when testers only evaluate input and output in an application. In non-functional testing, the QA engineer checks how the product performs in different conditions.

The course gives you the needed skills to measure current performance to identify process issues and how to formulate solutions. Here are some examples of how quality assurance professionals implement SQA. It’s a smart move for our QA team to revisit and tweak report templates frequently. This proactive approach brings a refreshing coherence to our reports and makes our process more efficient. Based on the results, this section provides guidance for the quality assurance team on what actions should be taken next. If you’re a business looking to launch a great software product, you cannot possibly undermine the importance of SQA.

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